While the cause of endometriosis is not currently known, doctors have come up with several possible explanations for the condition. The most likely cause is known as retrograde menstruation, where the menstrual blood containing cells travel to the fallopian tubes and into the pelvic walls. Other possible explanations are the distribution of tissue through the blood or lymph system, build up of tissue after surgery, or remnants of tissue from when the woman was an embryo.
There are many symptoms that a patient with endometriosis may experience. The most common symptom is severe cramping during menstruation, due to internal bleeding from the lining as it is shed. This pain may increase over time. Other symptoms include pain during sex, inability to get pregnant, fatigue, painful urination or bowel movements, or other gastrointestinal issues.
Women who are not trying to get pregnant will be able to use prescription pain medication as a way to lessen the affects of the disorder, such as pain medication or hormones. However, women who want to have a child may need to take more serious measures in order to treat the disease. This includes laparotomy, or open abdominal surgery, to remove growths.
If you believe you may have endometriosis, or have any other issues with infertility, visit your local center for reproductive medicine to talk to a doctor. Today, an estimated 6.7 million women between the ages of 15 to 44 have impaired fecundity, or the impaired ability to carry a baby. This is the same as about one in every eight couples. However, fertility clinics are helping these women give birth every day. Of the 44% of infertile women who have sought medical assistance, approximately 65% gave birth.