Age is a main factor in a woman’s reproductive abilities. A woman’s fertility peaks in her early 20s, and starts to decline by the age of 30. By the age of 40, only two out of five women who want to give birth are able to do so. Besides age, infertility can also be caused by ovulation disorders, such as polycystic ovary syndrome, which can prevent the ovaries from releasing its eggs. A woman may also have difficulty conceiving if there is damage to her Fallopian tubes, which is often caused by inflammation. Women who have difficulty getting pregnant may be diagnosed with a condition known as endometriosis. This condition occurs when the tissue that is shed during a women’s period grows outside of the uterus. This can affect the function of the uterus, and also block the Fallopian tubes.
One of the major causes of male infertility is an abnormal sperm production. There are numerous potential causes, including a genetic defect, health issues such as diabetes, or trauma to the testicles. Male infertility can also be caused by problems with the delivery of the sperm. Obstructions can occur in the tubes that transport the sperm, and can be caused by STDs such as chlamydia or gonorrhea, birth defects, or serious injury. Other major causes of male infertility include extensive exposure to harmful chemicals, exposure to extreme heat, or cellular damage due to cancer.
If you or your partner think you may be experiencing one of these issues, or have been trying to get pregnant for over a year, plan a visit to your local center for reproductive medicine. These centers employ fully trained fertility experts, who know all the latest about infertility treatments. Your fertility expert will be able to diagnose your specific case, and arm you with extensive knowledge on all the infertility procedures that are available.