Indeed, there is a lot that we don't understand about fertility -- and infertility for that matter. However, fertility experts do know some essential things, things you should know, too.
Here are five things you might not know about the process of fertility:
- Fertility is largely determined by genetics.
When women are born, they are born with a certain amount of eggs in their body, which is typically around 2 million for most women. But for every egg that is ovulated during a woman's reproductive life, around 1,000 eggs undergo a programmed cell death. That being said, a woman's egg supply naturally decreases over time. This explains why women are the most fertile between the ages of 20 and 24, with fertility beginning to decline around the age of 30.
- Regular menstruation is an indicator of regular ovulation
A typical menstruation cycle lasts between 24 and 35 days. This is an indicator of regular and predictable ovulation. Women who have irregular ovulation have irregular menstrual cycles.
- Basal temperature charting is not a solid predictor of ovulation
Many people track heir oral body temperature each morning in order to track their ovulation cycle. However, this method is inherently flawed, as body temperature rises after ovulation has occurred. Instead, fertility experts recommend using an over-the-counter urine ovulation predictor tester kit.
- Women with obstructions in their fallopian tubes may have had a prior pelvic infection
Did you know that about 10% of all cases of infertility can be attributed to a tubal disease, involving either complete blockage or pelvic scarring? A major cause of this disease is typically a prior pelvic infection, often caused by STDs like chlamydia.
- For the most part, stress does not make you infertile
While severe trauma can indeed affect a period, day-to-day stress will usually not stop a woman from ovulating regularly.
Stay tuned for our next post to find out five more important facts fertility experts want you to know!