Advantages of IVF Treatments
The most obvious advantage of IVF treatments is the ability for the couple to have a biological child of their own. The IVF process uses only the best eggs and sperm from the couple, meaning the fertilization is more likely to be successful on the first try. A baby born through the IVF treatment process will be no different from a baby conceived through natural means.
It's not always clear why a couple is unable to conceive. Approximately one third of infertility issues are attributed to the female, one third to the male, and one third by a combination of problems. This can make it difficult to figure out exactly what is causing your infertility problems. IVF treatments are a great way to get around any infertility issues a couple might be having, without the need for major surgery or extensive infertility treatments.
IVF can also be a great solution for patients who are unable to get pregnant through normal means, such as single mothers or same sex couples. Using donated eggs or sperm, they can use the IVF process to realize their dream of having a child, without having to partake in any unwanted sexual intercourse.
Disadvantages of IVF Treatments
Couples who undergo the IVF process are not guaranteed to get pregnant. In fact, many patients will often have to undergo the treatment multiple times before achieving any success. The rate of IVF success relies on various factors, including the quality of the egg and sperm samples. The average IVF success rate is 25 to 30%.
In some rare cases, IVF can cause complications to the woman's body. Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome is caused by the medication that is used to help promote the development of eggs in a woman's ovaries, and can cause the ovary to swell up and leak fluid inside the abdomen. However, it is very rare that a case is severe enough to threaten the woman's life.
One of the major disadvantages of the IVF process is the cost. In the United States, there are currently 15 states that require insurance policies to cover some level of infertility treatments: Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Hawaii, Illinois, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Montana, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Rhode Island, Texas and West Virginia. However, there are still many out of pocket costs a couple will have to take care of, including blood tests and medication.